What is “policy paralysis”. How it is going to impact the governance of the nation. Suggest some innovative measures to tackle this issue
Ans: Policy paralysis is a
situation where laws and reforms are not passed because of lack of commitment
on part of government or inability of the government to reach a consensus over
the correct variation of the reform.
There may be
many causes of policy paralysis:
1. Haste in
making policies without consulting all stake holders
issues with policies
3. Lack of
political will in implementing the policies
and other Red-tapism related issues.
5. Absence of
policies on other matters which affect the subject of current policies and so
The term was
frequent in use during last part of UPA 2 regime where government action to the
problems was perceived as inadequate.
One of the
meaning of policy paralysis is when the policies formed by the government are
unable to give the desired result because that policy alone is insufficient to
answer all the problems of the subject under consideration.
Say for example
Delhi government came out with Odd Even scheme. The scheme failed badly to curb
the rising level of pollution and Particular Matter (PM) as cars were not the
sole reason of pollution. Pollution so also caused by two wheelers, buses,
trucks, industry and so on. Construction activities and fires in land forms to
burn stubble too add to pollution and PM.
required action on other aspects too. Like a tree plantation drive, improving
public transport system and providing last mile connectivity, awareness
generation, investing in green technologies for industries, urging farmers not
to burn stubble and so on.
is a broad-based despondency that the situation in India is going to get worse
and it would perhaps be quite some time before things start improving. The near
consensus view is that India’s fall from being the shining example of high
growth to the current comatose state is largely due to public policy inaction,
or in popular terms ‘policy paralysis’.
the tips to overcome policy paralysis
some level of downside risk; even “sure things” can blow up in your face. Let’s
face it: No matter how much time and effort you’ve spent preparing, you’ll
probably hit unexpected snags. So stop hesitating and move forward. Prod your
team members into action if you must.
2. Accept the
possibility of failure
want to do your best for yourself and your team, but inevitably a certain
percentage of your decisions will prove incorrect. Recognize this fact and stop
huddling in place.
3. The simplest
solution is probably the best
Often, the path
of least resistance represents the best possible choice. So once you’ve
examined it from all angles and can see no obvious surprises, flaws, or
pitfalls, then go for it.
4. Follow your
If a potential
decision conflicts with the things you or your organization believe in most,
dismiss it from consideration. Stand secure in the knowledge that your core
values will guide the way, whether they revolve around a deity, an absolute
belief in people and what they can accomplish, personal and intellectual
honesty, or all of the above. This alone will clear the field of many
5. Focus on
you want to go and the basic route you need to take represents half the battle.
You don’t have to sharply define every step before beginning. Handle the fine
details on the fly.
milestones and a drop-dead deadline
Know when you
absolutely have to have a task done. Break it into easy pieces that allow you
more than enough time to complete it before the final deadline arrives. Hand
out the pieces to those who can accomplish them best. This will motivate you to
stop wasting time and get started. Nothing beats writer’s block, for example,
like knowing you face a specific date to turn in a piece, no matter how
uncertain you feel about it.
7. Listen to
both head and heart
certain course of action makes absolute sense from an intellectual perspective
but still seems wrong. If so, your subconscious mind has probably noticed
something your conscious mind hasn’t. So use both your IQ and your emotional
intelligence (EQ) when making decisions. Don’t go overboard here; instinct can
lead you astray in some cases. But do consider both sides of the IQ/EQ
equation, and make your decision based on which side weighs the heaviest.
Again, you may still be wrong, but you need to make a decision and move on.
anxiety can cause the over-production of a certain hormone called cortisol,
which encourages weight gain about the belly