Is reservation system paralyzing India? should it be abolished?
Ans: The answer to this
question depends on the perspective of the people on whether they are
benefiting from this quota system or losing from it. There are two types of arguments regarding
the present reservation system in India
people think that quota system is causing havoc because they are losing
opportunities in getting education in reputed colleges and getting government
jobs due to the reservation system while lower caste people who get the benefit
from the system feel that reservation is not only justified but an historic
necessity to remove the inequalities among different castes in the country.
The caste system
is deep rooted in the country. Most couples belong to the same caste. Therefore
almost all their relatives belong to the same caste. They are prejudiced on
caste basis since their birth. Hence, whenever an opportunity arises, they
promote the members of their own caste as compared to others.
The lower caste people hardly had any
representation in power structure of the country before this reservation
system. However,they are now well represented in bureaucracy and politics. This
has happened only due to reservation system in educational institutions, jobs
and in elections. It is difficult to say
whether it is paralyzing the country or not. If a policy benefits nearly 70 per
cent of the population (SC, ST OBCs), it is difficult to term it bad in a
It is role reversal now. In the earlier times,
the upper castes (Brahmins, Baniyas,Jats,Rajputs,Reddys and Kammas) who were in
power reserved almost all privileges for them. The same is done today by the
lower castes. But for the intervention of the Supreme Court by placing a cap of
50 per cent in reservation, it would have crossed more than 75 per cent by now.
accept the reality of the country’s reservation system and cope with it rather
than trying to prove its benefits or losses. Any amount of argument or
counter-argument is not going to change the existing system which is unduly
influenced by the vote bank politics.
system is an emotional issue and both proponents and opponents find reasons to
justify their feelings.
Government recently announced 10 per cent quota for the upper caste poor. This
leaves only 40 per cent of seats/jobs will be left for the general category and
that will lead to further stress for students.
The situation for those in general category is appalling. They may score
high marks in competitive examinations and still not get admission or jobs due
to ever expanding number of reserved people.
professor at JNTU said, “Caste-based reservation was supposed to be only for
the short term but it has been politicized by successive governments and has
become a burden. The impact is already being felt in educational institutions
as the output or skill is not as required. The workforce does not have the
right skills, talent and ability to take the pressure or to work hard because
the spirit of competition has been killed. This will further dwindle and that
will be a major setback not only for the industry but also institutions.”