What are the long term solutions to counter terrorism?
Ans: Current counter
terrorism policy has emphasized military action, imprisonment, cutting off
terrorists’ sources of finance and denying them safe territory. These have had
limited effectiveness and recent trends indicate that they are only short-term
counter-terrorism strategy adopted by the United Nations in the form of a
resolution and an annexed plan of action contains for pillars 1. Addressing the
conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism 2. Measures to prevent and
combat terrorism 3. Measures to build States’ capacity to prevent and combat
terrorism and to strengthen the role of the United Nations system in this
regard and 4. Measures to ensure respect for human rights for all and the rule
of law as the fundamental basis for the fight against terrorism.
Only long term
solution is to reduce Muslims’ motivation to radicalize.
Trends in terrorism
The war on
terror has not reduced terror. Over 22,000 people were killed worldwide in
terrorist attacks in 2007 nearly a tenth more than in 2006. The threat of
Islamist terror has changed. The threat
of Islamist terror has undergone a paradigm shift. It used to come from mainly
al Qaeda. But now it comes from freelance cells whom the group inspires. Al
Qaeda increasingly sees its mission today as fuelling radicalization worldwide.
It seeks to inspire as much as to organise. Terrorism is globalizing.
Hence, over the
long term, governments must change their definition of success against
terrorism. Military objectives achieved or plots foiled are insufficient. The
direction of Muslim opinion around the globe is crucial. All these trends point to a long-term need to
make minimizing the motivation to radicalize a higher priority.
terrorism and violent extremism successfully and in the long run requires a
comprehensive approach that also takes measures for tackling the political,
social and economic causes into account. A further aim is to strengthen rule of
law structures. Respect for human rights is a key issue.
As a global
challenge, terrorism requires a globally coordinated response from the
countries have special units designated to handle terrorist threats. Besides
various security agencies there are elite tactical units, also known as special
mission units, whose role is to directly engage terrorists and prevent
terrorist attacks. Such units perform both in preventive actions, hostage
rescue and responding to on-going attacks. Countries of all sizes can have
highly trained counter-terrorist teams. Tactics, techniques and procedures for
man hunting are under constant development.